Breast augmentation (augmentation mammoplasty) enlarges the size of the breasts to improve their shape. Women wish to do this for various reasons: small breasts, lost breast volume after pregnancy, after weight loss, effects of aging, different sized breasts, and those who seek breast reconstruction after breast cancer surgery.
Salt water solution (saline implants) and silicone implants are both available.
Breast augmentation is relatively a safe procedure, but as with any surgical procedure, there are certain risks and specific complications known with augmentation that you should discuss with your surgeon. To date, there is no evidence that breast implants will adversely affect your fertility, pregnancy, ability to nurse and no evidence that breast implants cause breast cancer.
Breast implants can make it more difficult to get or read mammograms, and special mammogram views or ultrasound tests may be needed. Soya-bean oil filled implants do not interfere with mammogram. They are not available yet in the USA.
Breast augmentation is usually performed in an office facility, an outpatient surgery center, or a hospital outpatient facility. Local or general anesthesia are used for this procedure. Several well concealed incisions are used: around the areola (periareolar), in the armpit (transaxillary), under the breast (inframammary) or by using an endoscope to place the implant through a minimal incision through the armpit. The surgery usually takes 1-2 hours. Most patients will be able to return to work in a few days.